The energy transition is a long-term structural change in energy systems from fossil-based to low-carbon or zero-carbon energy sources in order to decarbonize global energy and reduce carbon and other greenhouse gas emissions at a global scale. Global forums have resulted in agreements between nations, such as the Paris Accord, to address the challenge of energy transition.
In the U.S. the acceleration of local policy, shareholder resolutions, technology advances, low carbon and renewable energy standards and tax incentives, and corporate interest in "going green" is fueling business interest in energy transition. Geosyntec practitioners form multi-disciplinary teams to bring solutions to clients for their environmental, natural resources and infrastructure needs for energy transition related investment. Renewable fuels and renewable energy projects are becoming a part of most future planning in emission reduction strategies.
For many years, Geosyntec experts have been actively assisting clients develop energy from solar, wind, hydrogen, municipal solid waste (MSW), landfill gas (LFG), and wave resources. As part of a project funded by the U.S. Minerals Management Service, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and private sector customers, we have conducted feasibility evaluations and designs for offshore wind systems in Europe and the U.S. as well as designs for wind towers and concentrating solar energy facilities, and photovoltaic systems on brownfield and landfill sites. Geosyntec staff are working on biofuels projects, scoping of alternative waste-to-energy projects, and performing siting and permitting services. Geosyntec also offers comprehensive landfill gas to energy (LFGTE) services including LFG projections, evaluation of economic viability of LFGTE options, and negotiation of and contracting for sale of electricity.
Geosyntec is uniquely positioned to provide comprehensive services in carbon reduction implementation planning and execution in both renewable energy and renewable fuels projects. In addition to the expertise in infrastructure project development, environmental impact studies, permitting and natural resources, Geosyntec has capabilities and experience in life cycle assessment (LCA) for project and product alternatives, manufacturing and energy feedstocks and carbon and water foot printing. Our practitioners apply the latest in LCA modeling tools and approaches to unique and innovative approaches to low carbon solutions, while preparing credible analysis according to acceptable guidelines. This allows our clients to represent their solutions to maximize their acceptance through scientific review and potentially qualify for credits, for example under the low carbon fuel standards (LCFS) in certain jurisdictions.
Low carbon strategies include considering opportunities for process improvements in energy efficiency, manufacturing processes changes, product or feedstock substitution, renewable energy, use of low carbon fuels, carbon capture and storage and carbon sequestration. Often our solutions involve the consideration of innovative technology, which can also include consulting related to how current or future policy might accommodate innovation. Our experts have also worked closely with our clients to develop comprehensive GHG reduction programs identifying priority large emission sources and developing approaches and costs for mitigation. One method our practitioners apply is a marginal abatement cost curve (MACC) for ranking cost-effective GHG reduction options. These are just a few examples of how we help clients estimate the costs, benefits, economic and other impacts of implementing carbon reduction technology options or practices.